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L'article du mois (novembre 2011)

Image article novembre 2011

Climate adjustments over the African-Indian monsoon regions accompanying Mediterranean thermal variability,

par Fontaine B., Monerie P-A, Gaetani M. and Roucou P., 2011,
accepté dans la revue Journal of Geophysical Research.

Abstract: This study analyses the atmospheric and rainfall anomaly patterns in the African/Indian monsoon region concomitant of warm/cold anomalies confined in the Mediterranean sea in northern summer. It examines first the similarities and contrasts observed in longitudes, then discusses the results obtained regarding the normal in terms of climate impacts in the Sahelian belt. Statistical results show an opposite African/Indian relationship with stronger (weaker) African (Indian) tropical circulations occurring in warmer (colder) Mediterranean situations and favouring significant increases (decreases) in monsoon circulation, atmospheric moisture content and deep convection, mainly over the central-eastern Sahel. Model results show that several observed key-features can be reproduced through 23 warm/cold anomalies prescribed in the Mediterranean and that warm (cold) situations impact 24 more over the African (Indian) region. Warm experiments generate  rainfall excesses in  Sahel with a significant strengthening of southwesterlies. Cold  experiments simulate rainfall deficits in  Sahel, associated with an attenuation of southwesterlies in low levels and a zonal moisture transport shifted southward in mid-levels. Over India these simulations tend to generate rainfall surplus.

J. Geophys. Res, final acceptance  11 October 2011., doi:10.1029/2011JD016273, in press.

Legende de Image :
July-September wind fields in low levels (925 hPa) from CNRM (top), UCM (middle) and IPSL (bottom) experiments; (left) control runs with mean wind speeds above 10 m/s shaded. (middle) Cold minus control differences; (right) Warm minus control differences. Here the shadings refer to significant differences regarding a Student t-test at p=0.10. Panel j displays the reanalyzed wind field as reference.

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