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Benjamin Bois


Assistant/Associate Professor in Viticulture and Climatology, at thue University of Burgundy (Université de Bourgogne)

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Teaching Department:

Institut Universitaire de la Vigne et du Vin “Jules Guyot”, Université de Bourgogne

1, rue Claude Ladrey

21000 Dijon, France

Tel: +33.380.39.62.61

 

Research Lab :

Centre de Recherche de Climatologie, UMR Biogeosciences 6282 CNRS/uB

Université de Bourgogne, Bât Sciences Gabriel,

6, Boulevard Gabriel

21000 Dijon France

Tel: +33.380.39.38.21

Fax: +33.380.39.57.41

                                         

Resumé

Benjamin Bois is an assistant/associate professor (“maître de conference”) at the University of Burgundy, in Dijon, France. He teaches viticulture, GIS, terroir and climatology at the University Institute of Vine and Wine (IUVV). He’s researches, performed within the Climate Research Center (Biogeosciences lab, University of Burgundy) are focused on climate / viticulture relationships, with a specific interest in the role of climate in the terroir effect.

 

In 2002, Benjamin was graduated as an Engineer/Master in viticulture from Bordeaux Science Agro College. He has worked in 2002, 2003 and 2004 as a winemaker at Chateau Lagarosse, a 30 ha vineyard in the Premières Côte de Bordeaux appellation of origin. His curiosity in understanding the essence of Terroir led him to shift from grape production to research. In 2005, he started a PhD thesis under the direction of Professor Kees Van Leeuwen in Bordeaux University, concerning the spatial variability of climate within the Bordeaux wine growing region and its impact on grapevine development and grape quality. He defended his thesis in 2007, when he started to work as an assistant professor at the University of Burgundy, in another wine growing region where Terroir as a large significance for wine.

 

Main research focus

Benjamin’s researches focuses on causes and consequences of climate variability in viticulture, through three major themes:

-          Climate spatial structure at various scale levels.

This research focuses on analyzing the spatial variation of climate within winegrowing regions, using gridded climatic data (using interpolation or regional models) and to identify the contribution of environmental factors, i.e. landscape and land cover, to this climatic diversity. Agroclimatic evaluate the consequences of climate variability on vineyard management, berry ripening and major grapevine diseases.

 

-          Water availability at local scale.

This research aims at quantifying the contribution of climate to water availability of the vineyard, in cool climates conditions. Very high spatial resolution of rainfall and its consequences in plant protection and grape quality are evaluated. On parallel the consequences of soil spatial variations to grapevine water use and grape ripening are assessed, in order to better understand the role of soil and climate to the large diversity of Burgundy Terroirs.

 

-          Climate evolution and viticulture

The Climate Research Center has been using global (ARPEGE-Climat) and regional (Weather Research & Forecasting Model aka WRF) simulations to study climat interactions worldwide (teleconnections). Simulated downscaled data are used to assess to assess the consequences of climate observed and projected variations on grapevine development and viticulture pests.

 

Benjamin is skilled in climate spatial interpolation and spatial analysis of climate. He works with multivariate modelling approaches and geostatistics, mostly though programming with R software and GIS tools. He has also great interest in field measurement (climate sensors and grapevine status measurement devices).

 

Scientific activities

Thesis coordinator (Luca Brillante 2011-2014)

OIV (International Organization of Vine and Wine) expert since 2010.

Member of the Scientific Committee of the International Terroir Congress (2014)

Reviewer since 2010 in many peer-reviewed journals (Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment; American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, Climate Research, Journal of Hydrology, Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, Journal of Wine Research, Land Use Policy, Regional Environmental Change)

 

Education

2007:                 PhD in Environmental Physics (Université Bordeaux I, Talence, France) [PDF]

2004:                 Master Degree in Ampelolgy and Enology (Université Bordeaux II, Talence, France)

2002:                 Engineer (Master Degree) in Viticulture, Enology and Wine economics (Bordeaux Sciences Agro ex-ENITA de Bordeaux, Gradignan, France)

2000:                 B.A. (Maîtrise) in Population Biology and Ecosystems (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France)

 

Former affiliations

2008-2009 :     ATER (non-tenured teatcher), Département de Géographie, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France

2007-2008 :     ATER (non-tenured teatcher) Institut Universitaire de la Vigne et du Vin “Jules Guyot” (IUVV), Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France

 

 

Publications

Peer reviewed

MOREL, B., POHL, B., RICHARD, Y., BOIS, B., BESSAFI, M., 2014. Regionalizing rainfall at very high resolution over La Réunion island using a regional climate model. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 2665–2686.

 

BRILLANTE, L., BOIS, B., MATHIEU, O., BICHET, V., MICHOT, D., LEVEQUE, J., 2014. Monitoring soil volume wetness in heterogeneous soils by electrical resistivity. A field-based pedotransfer function. Journal of Hydrology, 516, 55-66.

 

CAMBERLIN, P., GITAU, W., OETTLI, P., OGALLO, L., BOIS, B., 2014. Spatial interpolation of daily rainfall stochastic generation parameters over East Africa. Climate Research, 59, 39–60.

 

VAN LEEUWEN, C., SCHULTZ, H.R., GARCIA DE CORTAZAR-ATAURI, I., DUCHENE, E., OLLAT, N., PIERI, P., BOIS, B., GOUTOULY, J.-P., QUENOL, H., TOUZARD, J.-M., MALHEIRO, A.C., BAVARESCO, L., DELROT, S., 2013. Why climate change will not dramatically decrease viticultural suitability in main wine-producing areas by 2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(33), E3051–E3052.

 

MORIONDO, M., JONES, G.V., BOIS, B., DIBARI, C., FERRISE, R., TROMBI, G., BINDI, M., 2013. Projected shifts of wine regions in response to climate change. Climatic Change 119, 825–839.

 

PARKER, A., DE CORTÁZAR-ATAURI, I.G., CHUINE, I., BARBEAU, G., BOIS, B., BOURSIQUOT, J.-M., CAHUREL, J.-Y., CLAVERIE, M., DUFOURCQ, T., GÉNY, L., GUIMBERTEAU, G., HOFMANN, R.W., JACQUET, O., LACOMBE, T., MONAMY, C., OJEDA, H., PANIGAI, L., PAYAN, J.-C., LOVELLE, B.R., ROUCHAUD, E., SCHNEIDER, C., SPRING, J.-L., STORCHI, P., TOMASI, D., TRAMBOUZE, W., TROUGHT, M., VAN LEEUWEN, C., 2013. Classification of varieties for their timing of flowering and veraison using a modelling approach: A case study for the grapevine species Vitis vinifera L. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 180, 249–264.

 

KIM KHIOOK, I.L., SCHNEIDER, C., HELOIR, M.-C., BOIS, B., DAIRE, X., ADRIAN, M., TROUVELOT, S., 2013. Image analysis methods for assessment of H2O2 production and Plasmopara viticola development in grapevine leaves: application to the evaluation of resistance to downy mildew. Journal of Microbiological Methods 95, 235–244.

 

XU, Y., CASTEL, T., RICHARD, Y., CUCCIA, C., BOIS, B., 2012. Burgundy regional climate change and its potential impact on grapevines. Climate Dynamics, 39(7-8) : 1613-1626.

JOLY, D., BOIS, B., ZAKSEK, K., 2012. Rank-Ordering of Topographic Variables Correlated with Temperature. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2(2), 139-147.

 

VAN LEEUWEN, C., TREGOAT, O., CHONE, X., BOIS, B., PERNET, D. et GAUDILLÈRE, J.-P., 2009. Vine water status is a key factor in grapevine ripening and vintage quality for red Bordeaux wine. How can in be assessed for vineyard management process? Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 43, 121-134.

 

BOIS B, PERARD, J. 2009. Viticulture au Vietnam : évaluation et perspectives. Climatologie, 6, 75-88.

 

BOIS B., PIERI P., VAN LEEUWEN C., WALD L., GAUDILLERE J.P., SAUR E., 2008. Using Remotely Sensed Solar Radiation Data for Reference Evapotranspiration Estimation at a Daily Time Step. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148(4): 619-630.

 

BOIS B., WALD L., PIERI P., VAN LEEUWEN C., COMMAGNAC L., CHERY P., CHRISTEN M., GAUDILLERE J.P., SAUR E., 2008. Estimating Spatial and Temporal Variations in Solar Radiation within Bordeaux Winegrowing Region using Remotely Sensed Data. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 42(1) 15-25.

 

Book chapter

BOIS B., JOLY D., PIERI P., GAUDILLERE J.-P., GUYON D. ET VAN LEEUWEN C., 2014. Zonage climatique de l’aire de production des vins de Bordeaux basé sur la température. Incidences sur la phénologie de la vigne. Pages 189-214. In : Changement climatique et terroirs viticoles, Quénol H. Ed., Lavoisier Tec et Doc,Paris. ISBN : 9782743015756. 444p.

 

Conferences

BOIS, B., MORIONDO, M., JONES, G.V., 2014. Thermal risk assessment for viticulture using monthly temperature data. Presented at the 10th International Terroir Congress, Corvinus University of Budapest, Tokaj, Hungary. vol 2.

 

BRILLANTE, L., BOIS, B., MATHIEU, O., LEVEQUE, J., 2014. Spatio-temporal analysis of grapevine water behaviour in hillslope vineyards. The example of Corton hill, Burgundy. Presented at the 10th International Terroir Congress, Corvinus University of Budapest, Tokaj, Hungary, vol 1.

 

VINCENT, E., FLUTET, G., PERARD, J., JACQUET, O., BOIS, B., 2014. Topographical analysis of the hierarchical system of Burgundy appellations of origin. In: Proceedgins of the 10th International Terroir Congress, Corvinus University of Budapest, Tokaj, Hungary, vol 1.

 

BRILLANTE, L., MATHIEU, O., BOIS, B., LEVEQUE, J., 2013. Plant-soil water relationships in hillslope vineyards. A time-lapse ERT 2D monitoring. In : Actes du XVIIIème Congrès International GiESCO, Porto, 7-11 juillet 2013, Portugal.

VOLTA, A., VILLANI, G., MARLETTO, V., CAFFARRA, A., BOIS, B., 2013. An integrated model for phenological development and growth of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). 16th AIAM Conference 2013, Florence, 4-6 juin 2013, Italie. (P)

 

BOIS, B, PERARD J, CAFFARA, A, CUCCIA, C. Climate Change, A threat for Burgundy terroirs. Ampelos 2013, Santorin, 30-31 may 2013, Greece

 

CUCCIA C, BOIS B, RICHARD Y, PARKER A, XU Y, CASTEL T, 2012. How climate change will impact terroir potential in the Burgundy vineyards. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

BOIS B, BLAIS A, MORIONDO M, JONES G, 2012. High resolution climate spatial analysis of European winegrowing regions. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

CHRISTEN M, FURET M-I, CRACHEREAU J-C, MONTEAU A-C, MONAMY C, BOIS B, GUILBAULT P, 2012. Using multifactorial analysis to evaluate the contribution of terroir components to the oenological potential of grapes at harvest. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

CURMI P, AYACHI S, TAOUTAOU S, LOUAMBA J, BRAYER J-M, GUERINOT M, MONAMY C, GUERIN L, BOIS B. Characterization of water reserve of the Burgundy vineyard soils in the monitoring of grape maturation and for understanding the epidemiology of wood diseases. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

VAN LEEUWEN C, BOIS B, ROBY, JP, DE RESSEUGUIER L. Towards a unified terroir zoning methodology in viticulture. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

PAUTHIER B., FAVRE A, ULMANN A, BOIS B., 2012. High resolution rainfall variability in the vineyard: first results from a local scale network in Burgundy. In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

BRILLANTE L., MATHIEU O., BOIS B., LEVEQUE J., 2012. Soil moisture dynamic in the root-zone revealed by time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography:application to Corton Hill, Burgundy (France). In : Actes du IX° Congrès International des Terroirs Vitivinicoles, Dijon (25 – 27 juin 2012) et Reims (27 – 29 juin 2012), France.

 

BOIS B., CHABIN J.-P., PETITOT P., ADRIAN M., MADELIN M., QUENOL H., THEVENIN D., VILLERY J., CASTEL T., RICHARD Y., 2011. Frost risk spatial analysis and zoning for viticulture at local scale level using digital geographical data, field information and a winegrowers survey. Proceedings of the 17th International GiESCO Viticulture Congress, Asti-Alba, Italy, 29 August-2 September 2011.

 

BOIS B., PERARD J., 2009. Agroclimatic potentialities assessment of Ninh Thuan winegrowing region (Vietnam). 32ème Congrès Mondial de la Vigne et du Vin, Zagreb, Croatie, 28 Juin – 3 juillet 2009.

 

BOIS B., VAN LEEUWEN C., GAUDILLERE J.P.; PIERI P., SAUR E., JOLY D., WALD L., GRIMAL D., LEBARON S., 2008. Viticultural agroclimatic cartography and zoning at mesoscale level using terrain information, remotely sensed data and weather stations measurements. Case study of Bordeaux winegrowing area. VIIème Congrès International des terroirs viticoles, Nyon, Suisse, 19-23 Mai 2008.

 

VAN LEEUWEN C., GARNIER C., AGUT C., BACULAT B., BARBEAU G., BESNARD E., BOIS B., BOURSIQUOT J.-M., CHUINE I., DESSUP T., DUFOURCQ T., GARCIA-CORTAZAR I., MARGUERIT E., MONAMY C., KOUNDOURAS S., PAYAN J.-C., PARKER A., RENOUF V., RODRIGUEZ-LOVELLE B., ROBY J.-Ph., TONIETTO J. AND TRAMBOUZE W., 2008. Heat requirements for grapevine varieties is essential information to adapt plant material in a changing climate. VIIème Congrès International des terroirs viticoles, Nyon, Suisse, 19-23 Mai 2008.

 

BOIS B., SAUR E., PIERI P., GAUDILLERE J.P., COMMAGNAC L., CHERY P., CHRISTEN M., VAN LEEUWEN C., WALD L., 2007. Viticulture zoning based upon solar irradiation using remotely sensed solar radiation and terrain information: a case study of the appellation of origin Côtes-de-Bourg (Bordeaux, France). Proceedings of the 'XVth International GESCO Viticulture Congress', 20-23 June, 2007, Porec, Croatia.

 

VAN LEEUWEN C., BOIS B., PIERI P. and GAUDILLERE J.-P., 2007. Climate as a terroir component. Congress on climate and viticulture, 10-14 April 2007, Zaragoza, Spain.

 

Major research programs

-          2013 – 2016: HydraVitis 2. Spatial variability of rainfall at local scale(Grant from Region de Bourgogne and Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne). Role in the project: scientific leader.

-          2012-2015: LACCAVE. Adaptation of viticulture to climate change in France (Grant : INRA). Role in the project: external partner. Main collaborators: LTEG-Costel lab (Rennes France), INRA Agroclim (Avignon, France).

-          2011-2015: Vintage. A user friendly Decision Support System for an integrated vineyard management, for addressing quality and quantity production variability optimising the use of resources (Grant from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for research). Role in the project: partner. Collaboration: ARPA (Bologna, Italy), LABOR (Rome, Italy), Technical University of Vienna (Austria), INRA (Avignon, France).

-          2010-2013: HydraVitis 1. Grapevine water balance variability and it’s impact on wine quality in Burgundy (Grant from Region de Bourgogne and Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne). Role in the project: scientific leader. Collaboration with: SEDS Team (Biogeosciences), PAM laboratory (University of Burgundy), Chaire UNESCO Culture et Tradition du Vin, BIVB, Chambre d’Agriculture de l’Yonne.

-          2008-2012 : TERVICLIM. Grapevine «Â terroir » climate monitoring and modelling in a climate change context (Grant from Agence Nationale de la Recherche). Role in the project: partner. Collaboration with the COSTEL Lab (Rennes, France), INRA-EGFV (Bordeaux, France) and PRODIG Lab (Paris, France).

 

 

 

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Présentation rapide

Le Centre de Recherches de Climatologie (CRC) est une équipe de recherche de l'UMR6282 Biogéosciences (CNRS / Université de Bourgogne). Le CRC travaille sur la détection, l'attribution et la prévision du signal climatique et de ses impacts dans l'actuel et le futur. Ses activités sont centrées autour de la régionalisation du climat observé et simulé.

Le CRC est structuré en deux axes thématiques qui mettent en œuvre des méthodes permettant de passer de l'information large échelle (objet des travaux de l'équipe « Dynamique du Climat ») à une information d'échelle plus fine permettant d'évaluer les impacts (équipe « Impacts Climatiques »). Cette méthodologie relève de la statistique (méthodes statistico-dynamiques sur les sorties de modèles; statistiques spatiales;  désagrégation), de l'analyse spatiale (SIG opérateurs d'analyse spatiale vecteur et raster; interpolation spatiale mécaniste ou statistique), ou de la modélisation numérique du climat (modèles régionaux MM5 et WRF, modèle global Arpege-Climat).

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